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How to create a virtualization using VirtualBox

26 kwiecień 2017

This document explains how to create a Windows 7 32 or 64bits virtualization using VirtualBox software.

1. Introduction

The continuous and rapid evolution of video control and access control systems makes the balance between investing development resources in the old software support for the new operating system and investing resources for new developments clearly unbalanced towards new developmets. Internal changes among different versions of Windowns mainly from 32 to 64 bits make that sometimes traditional software tools only compatible with older version.

For this reason, sometimes, the only possibility to keep a traditional application software running in a new operating system PC is to create a virtual machine running an older version of an operating system.

This document explains how to create a virtual machine and an example for Windows 7, 32 and 64bits oprating system using freeware Virtual Box software.

2. Requested material & software:
-    VirtualBox 5.1.14 from: http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/5.1.14/VirtualBox-5.1.14-112924-Win.exe 
-    Windows 7 ISO image 32 or 64 bits.
-    Host PC minimum requirements:
    o    Windows 7 or 10 Professional 64bits.
    o    8Gb RAM Memory.
    o    50 Gb free memory in Hard Disk.


3. Procedure: 

Install VirtualBox and launch the application after the installation is completed. The following window will appear. Click on New:

Then select “Expert Mode”:

The following windown will pop up. Set a name the Virtual Machine. Also, select 4GB of Memory RAM and mark “Create a virtual hard disk now”. Finally, press Create.

Now, select 50GB of capacity and mark “VHD”. Also, keep marked “Dynamically allocated”. When finished, press Create.

 

Now, the VirtualBox Control Panel will appear with all the information about the created Virtual Machine. Click on Settings:

The settings window will appear. Go to General and select the Advanced tab. Select “Bidirectional” to share the Clipboard and to drag&drop elements between Host Pc and Virtual Machine, so you could tranfer files from your virtual and native operating system.

Go to System and click on the Motherboard tab. select you boot order, and move it down. The Boot priority for the Virtual Machine will be the Optical Unit and then the Hard Disk, as a usual PC.

Now, go to Network, Enable the Network Adapter and Select “Bridge Adapter”. Select LAN adapter or WIFI adapter from Host to be shared with Virtual machine. Also, Mark “Advanced” to see the Virtual Machine Adapter.

Next step is to enable all COM Ports. They will be used, for example, for Access Control programs, like AC+ or Wincom+. Go to Serial Ports and enable ports from 1 to 4.

After that, it is strongly recommendable to add a Shared Folder between the Host PC and the Virtual Machine. Go to Shared Folders, click on Add button, select the Path and, finally, press OK.

Using this folder, we can share files and information between Virtual Machine and Host PC.

The final step is to select the Windows 7 ISO image. To proceed, go to Storage and select the Optical Unit. Click on Add and find the ISO image in your PC. Once it is selected, information will appear as in the following image.


 
Configuration is done, so, now press OK and VirtualBox Control Panel will appear again. Now, press Start to load the Virtual Machine. 


4. Windows Installation.

When Virtual Machine starts to run the usual installing Windows 7 window will appear as it was installed in a new PC. 

5. Virtual Box final steps.

Once Windows is successfully installed, before starting to install programs or applications there, it is strongly recommendable to do a final configuration.

First, close the Virtual Machine. Click on the red cross top right and select Power off the machine.


 Now, VirtualBox Control Panel will appear again. Go to Settings and Storage:

Select the Optical Unit (1), then, click on the CD icon (2) and finally select Remove Disk from Virtual Machine (3). 

With this final setting, Virtual Machine is able to work normally. Use the VirtualBox Control Panel to start the Virtual Machine.

6. Conclusions.

With the use of Virtual Machines, the incompatibility between traditional software application tools and modern operation system can be overcome in most cases. We hope that find this tutorial useful for your day to day work. Do not hesitate to get in touch with FERMAX’s After Sales Department should you have any doubts or require further advice.